Terpenes of cannabis are the aromatic oils that give cannabis strains their distinctive aromas. Terpenes help our bodies better absorb and use the healing effects of cannabinoids. Terpenes are also able to affect or mitigate the effects of cannabis-based cannabinoids, such as THC.
Why terpenes matter as much like cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids and cannabis terpenes collaborate to produce the most potent effects from every strain of cannabis. Terpenes are mainly extracted from plant materials like citrus rinds or pine needles. Although essential oils can be used for aromatherapy, these aren’t common. Terpenes can also be derived from animals or even insects.
In the majority of cases, they’re distilled from plant material. There are more than 200 terpenes in cannabis plants which give rise to distinctive flavors and smells. The lavender and lemon scents come from terpenes. Terpenes provide a plant’s natural defense mechanism and have been utilized as food additives for a long time to enhance the flavor of a variety of products.
Cannabis terpenes do more than are responsible for the aroma and flavor of cannabis but also offer beneficial effects. According to some specialists, terpenes, the constituents that contribute to various of the distinctive traits of a particular strain, are known to have positive effects on everything from migraines and stress to mood swings and inflammation.
Much like cannabinoids and terpenes, they bind to receptors within our bodies and brains, which regulate the state of mind, memory, sleep patterns as well as hunger. When used in conjunction with cannabinoids terpenes are able to enhance the medicinal effects of cannabis while moderating some side effects.
These chemical compounds are working synergistically to enhance your cannabis experience and provide stronger, longer-lasting relief. This is the reason why different combinations of cannabinoids may impact patients’ ailments in different ways. A cannabis strain that is that is high in CBD might not cause any psychoactive effects, however it is hard to predict the impact of specific terpenes patients.
The most common cannabis terpenes and their benefits
1. Alpha-pinene: It is the principal terpene found in pine needles and sage and offers a distinct fresh evergreen scent. It is also found in basil, rosemary as well as dill, parsley and dill. While alpha-pinene is present in very low amounts in many cannabis strains of cannabis However, it’s been found to boost memory and improve focus in strains that contain more of it.
2. Beta-myrcene: It contributes to the hops’ aroma and thyme. It may also be an anti-inflammatory. Myrcene is also found in lemongrass, mangoes, and Thyme. Myrcene’s sedative properties may help with restless leg syndrome or insomnia.
3. Limonene can be found at high levels in lemongrass, peppermint and rosemary, and also in cannabis. It is a distinctive lemony scent, which has antidepressant and anticancer properties.
4. Linalool: Linalool is present in lavender, mint coriander, birch trees , and rosewood. Linalool may be useful in the treatment of depression and anxiety. It may have tranquilizing effects. Some people report feeling sluggish when they take cannabis strains that contain significant levels of Linalool.
5. Caryophyllene is the sole terpene that is able to bind to receptors for cannabinoid and it’s also what gives clove its distinct scent. Caryophyllene, in addition imparting a spicy aroma to a cannabis strain is also believed to be an anti-inflammatory. It is also believed to help in the treatment of anxiety.
To learn more, click cooking with terpenes